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  < Back to Table Of Contents  < Back to Topic: They Served

article number 721
article date 06-07-2018
copyright 2018 by Author else SaltOfAmerica
We Enter World War II - Part 1: Changes in Our Way of Life, June 1942
by ’Yank’ magazine writers
   

Around and About America

Brother, things are changing at a rapid rate in the U. S.

Everything is moving at top speed except automobiles, which travelled faster in World War I. What with the rubber shortage, mothers are taking to rolling their broods around in perambulators at reduced speed.

Things are changing at a very rapid rate. Everything except “Don’t Sit Under The Apple Tree.” Things like that never change from one war to the next. But anyway, Sir Isaac Newton discovered the law of gravity—sitting under an apple tree.

   

Things have changed so much that New York’s greatest expert on shaving this week is a red-headed lady named Mrs. Helen Hoffritz. One New York newspaper carried a picture of Mrs. Hoffritz, nestling to her cheek an instrument which looked like a G. I. bayonet but was said to be a straight-edged razor. The story calls her the Solomon of shaving and says that men like Babe Ruth and James A. Farley trot to her with razor troubles.

   

Some of the changes are profound and far-reaching, significant and world-shaking—like the proposed pay raise for soldiers. Others are just the result of normal transition—but leave a nostalgic mark with their passing, like the fact that pretty soon there won’t be any more Second Avenue El. The Board of Estimate in New York voted last week to demolish the structure which was capable in its prime of reverberating more noise than an Axis orator with 87 loud speakers.

Ginger—Clark Top Earners

But some things go on—and on. Like the fact that movie acting and producing are still the best ways to make money. Reports filed with Securities and Exchange Commission disclose that Ginger Rogers made more dough than any other woman in the country. She got $215,000 last year. The highest paid male star was Clark Gable with $357,000. Deanna Durbin also passed the $200,000 mark.

Without hesitation, the folks back home were giving more than money. Like the rest of us, they were giving their careers and their lives.

Men like Laurence Tucker Stallings, for instance. Maybe that name strikes no familiar note, but do you remember Sergeant Quirt? Laurence Stallings invented the sergeant in “What Price Glory.” his most famous play, and the odds are ten-to-one that at least one sergeant in your outfit saw the play or the movie and has been acting the part ever since.

In the past war, Stallings lost his right leg at Belleau Wood. Last week, he joined the marines and was ordered to active duty with the army air forces.

Of careers given up for the army, a private at Fort Devens, Mass., takes a bouquet. According to the Associated Press, this particular private was ordered by his sergeant to dig a hole four feet square and four feet deep. An hour later, the top-kick returned to find the private asleep in the deep hole. It was a perfect job of digging. The dimensions were correct to one-seventy- second of an inch. Awakening from peaceful slumber (at the instigation of a few handfuls of America thrown in his face), the private explained:

“It was nothing at all. Before I joined the army, I was the best professional grave digger in Flushing, Long Island.”

Don’t Look Now, But . . .

The United Press tells a story from Jamestown, New York. about a young lass who rationed herself. But a slip saved the day. She walked blithely out to work a couple of spring mornings ago, boarded a bus to her office. Once at her desk, she looked down. And half a second by anybody’s chronometer, she was on the phone to the transportation company:

“For God’s sake, ship back that wrap-around skirt—yes, a black one—it unwrapped on the bus.”

   

Mis-Information Please

Every day rumors are broadcast by Axis radio stations on the short-wave, beamed from Berlin, Rome, and Tokyo in the hope somebody will listen. And we are listening. We thought you’d like to know what they’re saying, so you’ll know what to do when you meet up with them. Read ‘em and laugh. The comments are our own.

   

Lousy Fishing Weather

The German radio says that “German submarines are now operating even in the waters of the St. Lawrence and the Mississippi.”

We don’t know how things stand along the St. Lawrence, but we guess they’re right about the Mississippi. Seems like catfish grow pretty big in the river and fishermen down there catch them on long lines known as trot lines. A fellow from Natchez named Homer Bloomer caught a big cat on one of his lines and carried it halfway home before he found out it had a steel hull and a lot of torpedo tubes. Homer threw it back in the river. Too small.

   

Inter-Axis Antics

The Associated Press recently ran a story to the effect that Nazi Admiral Luetzow publicly griped at Jap accounts of naval losses in last month’s Coral Sea engagement.

Back came the Berlin shortwave, accusing AP of malicious slander. The Admiral, said his home station, hadn’t breathed or even dreamed a harsh word about his little bespectacled friends. Just the opposite; he loved them.

AP didn’t bother to answer. Just sat tight and noticed that, as a result of the Admiral’s sweet talkin’, the Chief of the Japanese Imperial Headquarters Press Bureau was kicked out and into “an important post at sea.” About five fathoms under is our guess.

   

Literature and The “New Order”

As if the German-controlled Vichy broadcasts weren’t enough, the Berlin radio beams programs of its own to France. One recent program sheds light on the state of art and letters under the “new order.” A news item announces that two new books have been published in France. One of them is a little number by Joseph Germain entitled “Heroes of France,” featuring a biographical sketch of Petain. That spinning noise you hear is coming from the grave of Voltaire.

“Paul Revere” Pans Resorts

A gent who calls himself Paul Revere is a regular feature of the Berlin short-wave. Right now he is objecting strenuously to the treatment of German nationals interned in the United States. He doesn’t think they are being treated with the proper respect. Says indignant things about their being “herded into places of internment.” It’s a pleasure to be “herded” into places of internment like White Sulphur or Hot Springs, or Asheville, America’s best resort spots.

   

Rome vs. Berlin

You wouldn’t think the highly touted efficiency of the Nazi system would break down on so simple a thing as short-wave propaganda, but it does. Very often Berlin and Rome cross each other up. In the reports of the recent Kerch action on the Russian front this was apparent. Radio Rome said, “The cycle of operations may be looked on as concluded because the whole zone is now under the occupation of German troops.”

Unfortunately, at exactly the same time, Berlin ruefully admitted by short-wave that Russians had landed in force behind German lines and that these forces had not yet been overcome. The boys ought to get together on this.

   

Insult, Compliment or Trips?

We don’t profess to know everything about human nature, but we do think the Italian who broadcasts to South America, warning Mexico not to play ball with us, might have used a better approach than “Mexican mouse, valiant little Mexican mouse! The Gringo tomcat is sharpening its claws to devour you!” The only reaction seems to have been for the Mexican mouse and the Gringo tomcat to form a closer alliance against the Axis rat.

Vichy McCarthy to Nazi Bergens

Vichy France has a radio all its own . . . except for the propaganda line handed out by Axis broadcasters. Vichy mentions on its beam, in a slighting manner, that “special tribunals had to be created in order to prosecute fraud in the U. S. War Industry.”

One can see how such news would bother a thrifty heart, for Vichy France seems today to be run by the happier grafters who made German victory over France possible. It’s easy to see that our own government’s policy of policing war contracts is not only amazing but annoying to the Laval gang.

Sidelight on the Vichy graft attitude is that, two days after their chiding broadcast, Vichy announces that “an important embezzlement has been discovered at Toulon hospital. Several arrests have been made. An investigation will bring further arrests.”

Wanted: Heroes Today

Radio Rome is hard-up on Italian exploits. Broadcasting to France last week, they even dragged out Charlemagne as an Italian hero and then ran the historical gamut up to the late General Balbo. A very nice, patriotic program it was, but it did make the lack of present-day heroes just a little too obvious. History books are pleasant to read, but you can’t recruit a fighting army from them.

“Non-cooperation” Irks Berlin

Berlin Radio also is vexed about the sale of War Bonds in America. Recent broadcasts are heavy with worry. Most common tactic is to make a statement such as “Bond purchases forced by Morgenthau; regretable lack of cooperation.” The exact lack of cooperation is indicated by Federal Reserve figures for the month of May which show an oversubscription of the Treasury’s $6 million estimate. You know just who’s worrying about that kind of lack of cooperation.

Cooperation among the Allies also has the Berlin ether boys worried. They scream in broadcasts about “No cooperation between Allied nations.” Maybe they’re getting a too unhappy dose of British fliers in the Russian Air Force, of Polish fliers in the British Air Force, American tanks and planes on the Russian front, and all the other indications of non-cooperation.

   

We Hear That

PHILADELPHIA—Search for the thief with the delicate touch is on. He stole a fire alarm box, disconnecting it without setting off the alarm.

HEMPSTEAD, L. I.—A bonfire spread to a building at 228 Front St., did $10,000 damage and caused injuries to five firemen.

PORTLAND, Ore. — What Iceland needs is not a good cigar—but a good hamburger stand. That’s the opinion of Marine Private James I. Smith, stationed on the frigid isle, who says the food is fine, but “an American hamburger” would look awfully good.

BOSTON — The run of weakfish on the Atlantic Coast continues to be composed principally of small ‘uns. This doesn’t include Nazi submarines, but the Navy admits the fishing for this species is good this season.

WASHINGTON, D. C. — The practice of soldiers and civilian strangers exchanging letters has received a stern frown from the War Department. The reason is obvious. Some of those strangers are not just writing for fun.

St. LOUIS, Mo.—It looks as if the “good old days” were coming back, at least, in St. Louis. A bill has been introduced prohibiting stables within 100 feet of dwelling places. Numerous complaints have been coming in about persons converting their garages into horse barns.

RED ARMY TANK BASE — A brigade of American medium and light tanks has been assembled and is ready to go into line. They will be joined with Soviet and British tanks at the front. Two or three American tanks are now at the front going through rugged tests, but nothing definite has been heard from them as yet. Several other brigades are in the process of formation.

TOKIO—The tunnel recently completed under the Shimonoseki Strait, between the cities of Shimonoseki and Moji in southern Japan, will be opened soon for freight traffic only.

ASHTABULA, O. —The Ashtabula Court House, built in 1884, has burned, destroying all marriage, birth and other vital statistics records of the entire county for the last 60 years.

CORWELL, Miss. — Ideal weather has given this region its biggest tomato crop since 1923, in a season when prices are highest in years.

GEORGETOWN, N. Y.—Joseph H. Morris, 29, and Fred Sebring, 27, were killed when the truck on which they were riding overturned near here. Both were Georgetown football stars of the 1933 undefeated high school team. Both were due for army induction soon.

   
“I’ll have to search her myself, Gibson, if that’s all you can find on her.” Illustration by Ralph Stein.

SPORT BIGGIES FOR UNCLE SAM

A presidential draft board ruling made yesterday may conceivably put every highly-paid athlete—particularly ball players—into the armed forces. The ruling affects men who have incomes outside their salaries . . .

Item from the New York Daily News, May 31.

Move over boys, and make room. Not only for baseball players, but for boxers, golfers, track men, pro football players and devotees of tiddly winks. The Yanks—as well as the Dodgers, Browns and Indians—seem to be coming, and in ever-increasing numbers.

Champs Change Duds

Already plenty of men have shed baseball flannels for G. I. slacks, boxers’ shorts for plain white Army ones, and football helmets for the steel kind that will stop more than an itinerant elbow or knee on the playing field.

Let’s take a look at the lineup:

From the cauliflower industry, Corporal Joseph Louis Barrow, and that curly-haired Irish wonder from Pittsburgh, Billy Conn. Billy Soose is in the Navy. Lou Ambers is in the Navy, and although his boxing days are over he’s still a fighting man. The same goes for Gene Tunney. Lou Ambers’ cousin, Marty Servo, who just lost a close decision to Ray Robinson, is in the Coast Guard.

   

For baseball, take a look at the roster (elsewhere on this page) on the players available to Lieutenant Mickey Cochrane for the all-star-servicemen’s game in Cleveland next month.

There are football players by the dozen.

Private Dave Smukler, former Temple fullback, is one. He’s back at Fort Dix now, having suffered frostbite while on duty in Iceland.

Harmon Takes to Air

Tommy Harmon, Michigan’s great ball-carrying back, is in training with the Air Corps. Ed Frutig, another Michigan gridiron product, is with the Navy Air Service at Glen View, Ill. Bob Westfall, the Wolverine, awaits his call to the Army Air Corps. Harmon’s teammate, Harold Lockard, is another Army Airman.

The Philadelphia Eagles, have enough men (in uniform) to make up nearly two full-sized football teams—a total of 20. The highest grade among them belongs to Sammy Bartholomew, a Lieutenant at Fort Benning, Ga.

On the diamonds of the country, Uncle Sam is expecting to borrow a lot of talent. Two Detroit players, catcher George Tebbetts and outfielder Barney McCosky are both 3-A. They’re unmarried but have dependents. Johnny Pesky of the Red Sox, feels the hot breath of the draft down the back of his uniform.

Dem Bums may lose Pee Wee Reese and the Cincinnati Reds await the fatal letter which would put Ray Lammano through a midsummer training season in khaki.

ARMY STOPS NIGHT BALL

New York, June 6.—This town, already dimmed by the ban against the bright lights of Broadway, has at last turned off the floodlights of its two big baseball fields for the duration. There will be no more night baseball in the city until after the war.

New orders from the Army forbid the floodlighting of all outdoor areas, although open-air boxing arenas, roller-skating rinks and parking fields may use hooded lights that aren’t too bright.

The ban on night baseball scuttles 28 games carded for Brooklyn and New York teams, with an estimated box-office loss of some $300,000 for the Dodgers and the Giants. So far, night games have not been forbidden outside the New York area but minor league clubs, which would be hard hit by such a ban, are crossing their fingers against an extension of the ruling to include the entire eastern coastline.

A substitute for night games was suggested by the recent Giant-Dodger twilight game, which grossed about $60,000 and went over well with the fans, although the players were bothered by shadows.

Minor leagues and semi-pros have had great success with twilight games, since they have not had to contend with deep shadows from fences and grandstands. During July and August, these clubs could get in nine innings easily, starting around 5:45, with good visibility until nearly 8:30.

Majors, minors and semi-pros all drew what comfort they could this week from the possibility that Congress may vote another hour of daylight saving.

   

Around and About America

   

Remember Pearl Harbor

Where once stood the New York’s World Fair, residents of Flushing Meadows Park and members of the Flushing Ridge Civic Association requested removal of the old Japanese Pavilion. Take it away or we’ll tear it down piece by piece, they said. Park Commissioner Moses complied.

   

Yeah, Just Walt!

Antoinette Heim, who looked like a genteel little black-clad governess and said she was a cousin of Franz von Papen, almost ripped the roof off New York’s General Sessions Court, where she was convicted of swindling German domestics of their life savings. Reviling officials and denouncing Jews, Fräulein Heim screamed, “Wait till Hitler comes over here! He’ll take care of you!” Judge Owen W. Bowan replied that for the next three years the penitentiary would take care of her.

So Did Goliath

At Camp Shelby, Miss., a Maine infantry major was giving his men effective instruction in learning to duck from enemy observers. During such drills he toured the field in a jeep and popped away at exposed heads with a sling-shot.

   

Associate Judge Hugo Lafayette Black of the U.S. Supreme Court drove the wrong direction on a one-way thoroughfare. Fine: five dollars.



Patriotism was working on the night shift in Philadelphia this week. Miss Eileen Whitney, 24, was discharged from a hospital after being treated for submersion and alcoholism. Overcome by patriotic fervor, she had jumped into the Delaware River singing REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR.

   

Latrine Duty

In Los Angeles, a farmer named Sam Phillips appealed to the War Production Board for permission to buy a bathroom set. After working in a dirty chicken yard all day in the desert heat he felt entitled to a bath. Besides, he said, he wanted to get married and the lady had said he must have a bathroom.



Seven honor students at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn were given photographs of the bronze medals they would have received if there hadn’t been a metal shortage. They were told that they will get the real awards eventually.

Not All in a Name

In Detroit, Adolph Hitler of Moscow, Mich., who first broke into print last February when he registered for the draft, made the headlines again. He was arrested by state police, who charged they found him spying on the Army Ferry Command at Wayne County Airport.

News From Home

RALEIGH, N. C. — Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy in World War I, wants all West Point cadets and Annapolis midshipmen in future to be chosen from the ranks, instead of being nominated by Congressmen, the President and by competitions.

LOS ANGELES — George D. Hauptmann, lumber company executive, ground his teeth in rage after an automobile collision and sued for $16,250 damages: loss of one tooth.

LOGANSPORT, Ind. — The combined civic clubs called off a big rally in honor of two Canadian Air Force heroes who told of shooting down 126 planes. They were in the county jail as impostors.

BROOKLYN — Andrew Derby, attorney for the Brooklyn Dodgers, promised to soften the sound of the organ which plays during games at Ebbets Field. A neighbor three blocks away complained about the noise.

NEW YORK — Brenda Diana ( Duff Frazier, former glamour girl and wife of John S. (Shipwreck) Kelly, attained to woman’s estate. The estate: $1,400,00 in cash and a life interest in $2,500,000.

NASHVILLE, Tenn. — Don Calfee, 32, business manager of the Johnson City Press and Chronicle, who has traveled all over the U. S. and Canada, took his first train ride. Destination a state press convention in Nashville. Cost: price of the ticket and forfeiture of a $25 bet that he wouldn’t ride a train before he was 35. Tire rationing and priorities on air travel left the train the only available conveyance.

CANTON, N. Y. — Malcolm MacDonald, United Kingdom High Commissioner to Canada, had automobile trouble on his way to Canton, where he was to receive an honorary degree at Lawrence University. The High Commissioner hitch-hiked the 15 miles from Ogdensburg.

WAYNE, Neb. — Mr. and Mrs. Fred Lutt returned to their farm to find their house burned. They had gone to town to buy matches.

COLUMBUS, Ohio — Gov. Bricker has appointed a commission to collect and preserve for future historians the records of Ohio’s part in the present war.

NEW YORK — Myrna Loy went to the altar with John Hertz, Jr., advertising. Her second trip; first was with film producer Arthur Hornblow.

WASHINGTON — War Department announced perfection of a field unit to supply 4,000 men with daily bread ration. Sets up in an hour and a half.

DETROIT — Dick Reading, son of former Detroit mayor, was convicted of participation in a $30 million-a-year gambling racket.

BELCHERSTOWN, Mass. — Constance Carpenter of Springfield, a 16-year-old who had been missing for five days, was found alive in a swamp.

TRENTON, N. J. — Supreme Court ruled to allow Norman Lichtman the right to keep pigs on his farm. There are 85,000 pigs in the vicinity, records show.

PHILADELPHIA, Pa. — A strike of musicians failed to stall the Ringling Circus. The management carried on with a caliope.

TRENTON, N. J. — Two thousand strawberry pickers are needed for the New Jersey strawberry harvest.

LEWISTON, Me. — Erskjne Caldwell, Jr., son of the author of “Tobacco Road,” was inducted into the Marine Corps.

ST. LOUIS, Mo — A new plastic has been developed for tooth-filling which looks just as good as porcelain and feels like a real tooth.

INDIANAPOLIS — State officials were informed that naval officers assigned to the new battleship Indiana would appreciate a juke box instead of the silver table service usually given by the state for which a ship is named.

WEST DENNIS, Mass. — The airplane spotter who first sights an enemy plane over the Cape Cod area will receive $50 from Albert Gifford, a local resident.

NEW YORK — On eight hours’ notice, the 321 square miles of New York City were completely blacken out in the first city-wide drill of the war. The result, said Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia, was “really beyond expectation.”

ROCHESTER, N. Y. — Some 300 business and professional men are working midnight shifts in war plants here after their regular day’s work. The idea sprang spontaneously from men who wanted to do “more than I’m already doing to help win this war.” Their night “wages” are turned over to war relief funds.

NEW YORK — Mme. Liliana Teruzzi, estranged Jewish wife of General Attilio Teruzzi, who organized Mussolini’s Black Shirt Militia, has found a practical patriotic use for her seven languages. She works as a volunteer censor in the U. S. Post Office.

LEWISBURG, Pa. — M. L. Annenberg, Philadelphia publisher, was released on parole from the penitentiary because of illness. He had served 23 months of a three-year sentence in the largest individual income-tax case on record.

WASHINGTON — A new three-cent postage stamp, with the inscription “Win the War,” will be issued July 4. Central motive: An American eagle with wings outstretched to form a large V.

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. — George W. Christians, leader of the Crusader White Shirts, was found guilty of sedition and faced a possible total of 80 years in prison and $40,000 fine. He was found guilty on two counts of attempting to foment rebellion and mutiny in the armed forces and two counts of attempting to discourage enlistments in the armed services.

LAGRANGE, Ga. — Lloyd Bradfeld, formerly of LaGrange and now in the Army, volunteered and reported to Ft. McPherson 25 years to the day that he reported for duty in the First World War at the same camp.

BATON ROUGE, La. — A bill passed unanimously by the Louisiana Senate would make it a crime to kill, wound or hold in possession living or dead racing pigeons which are used in wartime to carry messages.

CHICAGO — General forecasts of the wheat crop of 1942 indicate high yields to the acre for both Spring and Winter variety.

Two Cents Worth

Chicago traffic cops have been told that they must learn to disregard remarks made by motorists due to their upset condition. This sounds like a new type of conservation program as the motorist is probably today’s version of the Vanishing American.

   

Der Fuehrer, according to Reichsmarshal Goering, has suffered deeply for his troops in Russia. This shows his noble character. We respect him as we respect the field pack which sympathizes with our shoulders.



Secretary Stimson warns that Japan probably will try "face saving” raids of our west coast. This is the wartime version of trying to keep up with the Joneses.



The Babyland Carriage Stores of New York City, in a recent report, refutes the charge that the birth rate increase is due to draft-dodgers’ efforts. We knew it was the stork all along.



Pvt. Joe Louis has asked relief from a $117,000 income tax bill due June 15. Never mind, Joe. Soon you’ll be drawing $42 a month, then it’ll only take you 2,785 months and three weeks to pay up.



The Interceptor Commands have been renamed Fighter Commands. There’s nothing like the war of words to confuse things.



A. Columbia, Mo., man struck his wife recently and the judge fined him $15—but not on a wife-beating charge. He was fined for breaking glass on the street. His wife wore spectacles.


In Barron, Wis., a White Rock hen owned by Victor Wirt is the first reported casualty of Donald Nelson’s increased food production program in Barron county. The hen laid a four-ounce egg, measuring six and a half inches from stem to stern—then died of fatigue.

That Ain’t Hay

The highest-paying audience in the history of any theater bought $5,500,000 worth of War Bonds to see the world premiere of “Yankee Doodle Dandy,” motion picture story of the life of George M. Cohan, at the Hollywood Theater in New York. Prices ranged from bond purchases of $25 to purchases of $25,000 and the theater was filled to its 1,554 capacity.

SOLDIERS, SAILORS PLAY MAJOR LEAGUE ALL-STARS

CLEVELAND — Lieut. Gordon Cochrane, U.S.N. (you used to call him Mickey, pal, but salute him now), has been chosen to pilot a service men’s all-star baseball team in combat with a picked major league team here July 7. Sports writers predict it will rival the seventh game in a World Series as a drawing card.

From 22 or more former big-leaguers in uniform, Lieut. Cochrane believes he can train a crack squad. He has plenty of material—pitchers who can let loose like a 75 mm., batters who have blasted veritable anti-aircraft barrages of baseballs in their day, and men like Hank Greenberg who can outreach a barrage balloon any day in the Army seven-day week.

The opposition — or the enemy, so to speak — will be chosen from both sides of two major league all-star teams which will play a twilight game in New York the preceding day.

   

Bob Feller Is One

To start with, Lieutenant Cochrane will have three of the brighter stars of the game: Bob Feller, Cleveland’s ace who is now in the Navy; Hank Greenberg, the hard-hitting Detroit first baseman and outfielder; and Cecil Travis, Washington shortstop and runner - up last year for the American League batting championship. The latter two are Army.

For mound duties, Cochrane also has service men Johnny Rigney, the former White Sox hurler; Bill Posedel, formerly of the Braves; Porter Vaughan, of the Athletics; Hugh Mulcahy, of the Phils, and John Grodzicki, ex-Cardinal. Other talent includes:

Catchers—Ken Sylvestri (Yankees), Don Padgett (Cardinals) and Joe Grace (Browns). Grace also played the outfield, and Padgett has doubled in leather in the infield and the outfield as well.

Infielders—Henry (Cookie) Lavagetto, from the 49th state known as Brooklyn; Benny McCoy (Athletics); Johnny Sturm (Yankees); George Archie, Johny Lucadello and Johnny Beradino (Browns), and Al Brancato (Athletics).

Outfielders — Sam Chapman (Athletics); Buddy Lewis (Senators, Pat Mullin (Detroit), Carvel (‘Bama) and Rowell (Braves).

Mickey hopes he can get his players off duty for a week’s practice before the game, but he will throw his team together a few seconds before game time, if necessary.

   
Johnny Mize of the Giants slides home as the ball takes its time getting to Catcher Livingston of the Phils. The New York boys defeated Philadelphia by a score of 3 to 2, continuing a winning streak that puts them high on the list for the Service game—if they can catch up.

Dugout Dirt

   

by Heywood Hale Brown

FT. BRAGG—There’s been considerable debate as to what part American sports should play in the war program. One group thinks organized sport should be abolished until Berlin and Tokyo are parade grounds for American soldiers. Another thinks sports should be expanded for the sake of national morale. In between is a majority which keeps on going to the games and the tracks without thinking much about the principle one way or another.

What the soldier thinks about it is a matter of conjecture, but one thing seems certain. When a soldier gets a chance to go to a ball game he goes, and if he doesn’t have a chance to go he reads the score in the papers, and if he can’t get the score he wonders about it and hopes that this, at last, is the pennant year for his pet club.

Baseball and boxing have earned praise in the press for their contributions to the Army Relief Fund. Mike Jacobs’ fight shows have been quite unlike the old benefits where the beneficiary got “10 per cent off the top,” which turned out in most cases to be like the top on beer, mostly foam.

Blue Monday Money

The little promoters have pitched in, too. Many a small fight club has stretched its shoestring to the limit to put on a good attraction for the army.

Major league baseball has been both good and bad. A few clubs have used blue Monday games against cellar opposition for the relief fund—and saved the creamy crucial battles for the Home for Retired Baseball Magnates.

The New York Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers have made a bigger-than-usual gesture. Their struggles always draw large crowds anyway at the usual $1.10 a head, but Brooklyn, with its flair for the unusual, collected not only from the customers but also from the baseball writers, the players, the umpires and the getcha-redhots boys. Some persons bought tickets and did not attend the game.

   

War Comes First

However, it will take more than a willingness to contribute funds to keep professional sports on anything like a business-as-usual basis. An omen of the future is the banning of night baseball in coastal cities as part of the antisubmarine effort. Where sports interfere with the war, they’re out.

Two important points should be made: First, the commander-in-chief has given baseball the green light. Second, untold numbers of those under him—in other words, we guys in uniform—follow everybody from the big leagues down to the bottom bushes. When these fans—and only these—decide that professional sports should close up shop for the duration, they ought to stop even if the Yankees and Dodgers are in the ninth inning of the seventh game of the World Series.

Racing has taken some heavy raps because it hasn’t seemed as yet to have done as much for army and navy relief as some other sports, but it has promised a $2 million contribution and may soon move into high gear on this promise.

Antidote to War Nerves

Racing is obviously not conditioning anybody for military service, but it relieves the strain of war nerves. This is proved by the attendance and betting records it’s setting despite gasoline rationing and the fact that the fans don’t have as many spare afternoons as they used to.

   

Nobody need fear that the military chiefs are going to let sports go to excess. The closing of Santa Anita racetrack, the banning of night baseball and the recent stern message to Belmont Park racetrack to fix up its air raid precautions or else, show that control will be exerted.

It might be a good idea to leave that controlling up to the military instead of to those strange crusaders who always pop up when there’s a chance to knock off a few amusements in the name of progress.

V-for-Victory Ball Fools Yanks’ Foes

Ask the New York Yankees about “V for Victory” and they’ll point out the first and second fingers on the steam-shovel right hand of Ernie Bonham. Those two fingers put the blitz on almost every enemy bat in the American League until the Cleveland Indians broke Bonham’s eight-game winning streak June 7.

Bonham used his victory grip when the batter had him on the short end of the count. The slow twisting pitch, used instead of the curve, which Ernie admits was never much good, has fooled Ted Williams, Jimmy Foxx and many other American League sluggers.

   
Ernie Bonham’s Victory grip.

SPORTS SHORTS

Chief Petty Officer Sam Chapman, who patrolled the outer gardens for Connie Mack’s Athletics until he enlisted in the Navy early this year, is taking a voluntary “bust” to seaman, second class, to get a crack at Navy flight training. Sam, who has been a physical instructor at the Norfolk, Va., naval base, will seek a commission in the Naval Reserve Air Corps when he reports later for training at a Washington aviation base.

Ring rumors say that Pvt. Barney Ross, now at the Marine Corps Barracks, San Diego, may get a crack at his old welterweight title now that Boatswain’s Mate Red Cochrane, the present 145-pound king, has been transferred from Newport, R. I., to the West Coast. . . . Lew Elverson, Penn’s “Destiny Backfield” ace and later grid coach at Swarthmore, is now with Lt. Comdr. Tom Hamilton’s Naval Air Fitness group at Annapolis.

Coaching the Camp Edwards, Mass., baseball squad is Pvt. Hugh Mulcahy, the Phillies’ mound ace who was the first big league player to trade his diamond flannels for O.D.’s. Mulcahy has an able assistant coach in Jumpin’ Joe Dugan, former Yank third baseman, who was assigned to the job in a civilian status.

The Army bowed to the Navy in the recent National PGA golf tourney at Atlantic City when Sam Snead topped Cpl. Jim Turnesa of Fort Dix, two and one, in the final round. Sam has been sworn in but hasn’t been called to duty in the Navy yet.

For the first time in history, the 1942 service classic between the Naval Academy and West Point will be broadcast under commercial sponsorship. The $100,000 paid by Standard Oil of N. J. for radio rights of the game in Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia, Nov. 28, will be split between the Army Emergency Fund and the Navy Relief Society.

Purdue’s 1942 gridiron slate includes two games with service teams, the Camp Shelby, Miss., eleven and the Great Lakes Naval Training Station team.

Two Sports Carnivals Will Aid War Funds

NEW YORK—War relief funds will benefit in June from two big sports events, one an All-Sports Carnival to be held at the Polo Grounds June 14 and the other the American Athletic Union’s 55th national outdoor track and field meet. at Triborough Stadium June 19-20.

In the carnival, Cpl. Joe Louis Barrow and his sparring partner, George Nichols, will give a four-round exhibition; an all-star Army baseball team, with Bob Feller pitching, will play the Norfolk Naval Training Base; Craig Wood, national open golf champ, will compete in an accuracy driving test against the Army’s three golfing corporals, Vic Ghezzi, Ed Oliver and Joe Turnesa; and on the tennis courts Don Budge and Alice Marble will be matched against Wayne Sabin and Frank Shields.

In the track meet, Greg Rice, Connie Warmerdam, Al Blozis and Johnny Borican will defend their national track titles, and the New York Americans will meet the Brookhattans in soccer.

N. Y. Sees Army, Buys War Bonds

NEW YORK—An 11-hour demonstration of the military might of America gave impetus June 13 to a drive by 200,000 Treasury Department "minute men” to pledge New York families to buy $1.9 billion worth of war bonds.

Half a million persons — men from all branches of the armed services and civilians engaged in every type of war work — marched up Fifth Avenue before an estimated 2,500,000 spectators. With them were hundreds of floats, tanks, guns and trucks, and watching them from the reviewing stand before the Public Library were such prominent persons as Vice President Henry A. Wallace, King George II of Greece and Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippine Commonwealth.

Results Immediate

Response to the appeals of the “minute men,” who began to visit homes throughout the city the following day, was heartening.

“Come in,” said a charwoman, “I’ll give $2 of my $10 weekly salary.”

Mr. and Mrs. Hans Arndt, natives of Berlin and naturalized American citizens, signed up for a $25 bond each month. “Better we should give 10 per cent to bonds than 45 per cent to Hitler, like in the old country,” Mr. Arndt remarked.

They were typical of greetings which campaign workers received throughout the city from dreary tenement areas to upper-crust apartment districts. The “minute men” reported that the average pledge was close to the 10 per cent of income quota set by the Treasury Department.

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